What Is Shadow Work? + 40 Shadow Work Prompts To Get Started


The practice of shadow work is being acquainted with those aspects of oneself that have been repressed; this aspect is what many people regard as their “dark side.”

What kinds of feelings do terms like “shame” and “fear” evoke in you when you think about them? Is there a part of who you are that you’d rather avoid? If you are aware of these areas of yourself, then congratulations: you’ve located your shadow.

Shadow work contains some of the most challenging yet ultimately rewarding interior work that we, as people, are capable of doing. It’s incredibly difficult but is also necessary in order to become our truest selves.

Shadow Work

Keep reading as we will delve further into the concept of shadow work. Then, we’ll learn how to practice it, and look at some helpful prompts to get started.

The Shadow 

The word “shadow” conjures up all kinds of unfavorable and gloomy thoughts and feelings in the minds of many individuals. So it is not uncommon for people to have the misconception that shadow work is a sinister form of spiritual practice that concentrates on the negative and evil aspects of our personalities.

One reason why the shadow is so dark is that we naturally contain both light and dark sides inside ourselves. And the shadow just describes the dark part, the part that we try to keep hidden due to trauma, shame, or unconscious beliefs. However, since it is a part of who we are, we cannot always keep this shadow self in the dark.

Shadow Work

The Shadow Self

The term “shadow self,” was coined by the Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, M.D., and refers to a part of yourself that you may have repressed when you were a child. For instance, if you got reprimanded for throwing a tantrum when you were younger, you might have internalized that anger and put on a more socially acceptable smile for the rest of the world. Thus, you learned at a young age that becoming angry is not a desirable trait to have and is an emotion that must be suppressed.

Everyone has feelings of anger, rage, jealousy, greed, and selfishness. Yet, not everyone is comfortable expressing those feelings openly. These feelings or qualities that you try to bury deep within you make up a component of your shadow self.

Without shadow work, the shadow self comes out sideways at inopportune moments. But if you choose to do shadow work, whether using shadow work questions, meditation, or another method. then you can bring your shadows conscious and make them more easily controlled.

What is Shadow Work?

So now we know about the shadow. But what is shadow work? And how does one jump into shadow work for beginners?

Shadow work is all about the unconscious mind, which consists of the things that we repress and hide from ourselves, such as traumatic experiences. It focuses on the repressed and hidden aspects of the mind.

When you’re triggered, your shadow self will make an appearance. And when this ostensibly shadowy aspect of your personality does emerge, it may shed light on a facet of your character that deserves a closer examination.

Shadow Work

Does everyone have a shadow?

Yes, but you could also hear it referred to by another name.

In analytical psychology, the idea of the shadow is largely acknowledged as a valid point of view. But this is merely one way of looking at the human mind. Self-exploration, introspection, and similar activities can be categorized as “shadow work.” In fact, shadow work is just about anything that touches on unconscious emotions.

A central principle of shadow work questions is that therapists are responsible for assisting clients in bringing the unconscious into the light. Many mental health professionals hold the view that recognizing and working with one’s shadow helps improve one’s emotional and social well-being.

The Importance of the Subconscious

Since we can’t make out the details of the shadow, we can use that metaphor to describe the subconscious mind.

With its transparency and perceptibility, the conscious mind can be compared to light. Meanwhile, all the things we don’t like or don’t want to admit about ourselves are the ones that end up in the subconscious, creating the “shadow.”

Typically, the shadow self is any part of yourself that you’ve labeled as bad. 

Once you label an aspect of yourself as “evil,” you automatically give yourself permission to downplay, ignore, or even completely deny its existence. Despite being out of sight, the shadow has a significant impact on our daily lives.

The parts of ourselves that we try to ignore or suppress don’t go away. If we don’t pay attention to the shadow, which has a life of its own, it can profoundly alter our behavior and the events we encounter in a positive way because we bring our shadows conscious and then can consciously show the best parts of ourselves, instead of being ruled by unconscious beliefs.

Shadow Work

There are things we do in life that we don’t even realize we’re doing because of the shadow.

We reach adulthood believing we should be better equipped to deal with life, but instead we (often) repeatedly engage in the same destructive behaviors. This is since limiting and unconscious ideas, which are at the root of the shadow, work outside of our awareness.

The Shadow Work Meaning Isn’t Always a Doom and Gloom Presence

There is untapped potential, gifts, and talents within the shadow that have yet to be discovered.

Consider the case of a young lady who has always known who she is: someone who is confident in herself. She has a firm grasp on her sense of identity, is confident in her preferences, isn’t shy about voicing her desires, and isn’t afraid to stand up for herself. She’s a fiery little girl who’s been taught from an early age that her enthusiasm is “too much” for her family’s comfort.

Thus, she has learned to dismiss the parts of herself that are resilient and self-assured because they have been rejected.

Shadow Work

Then she matures into a gentle, kind, and compliant young lady. But she can’t fathom the source of her misery. The reality is that she has been feeling split because she has repressed a part of herself. She’s hiding something from the world because she doesn’t know how to let it out.

Just like this girl, we all have many aspects to the self. We aren’t like characters in a book: either fiery or placid, outgoing or introverted. Instead, we each have various qualities that may even contradict each other. However, many of these qualities might live in the shadow.

Benefits of Shadow Work

Through practicing shadow work, you can lessen your unconscious triggers in social situations. Your sensitivity to the foibles and follies of others decreases once you work through these triggers. This, in turn, can make you a more empathetic person. 

Shadow Work

Other benefits of shadow work include:

Possible improvement in sense of well-being.

Many therapists believe that shadow work can help their clients gain a more complete understanding of themselves.

It may improve your communication skills.

Growing in understanding will lead to a greater degree of confidence in one’s judgment. In addition, you can apply your newfound self-awareness to your romantic partnerships.

Perhaps you were warned as a kid not to “speak back,” and as a result, you find it difficult to advocate for yourself now. You can strengthen your boundaries and find your voice by exploring your shadow self.

It helps with healing trauma.

Early trauma, frequently attributable to authoritative figures like parents, can be remedied through shadow work.

When you begin to deal with generational traumas inside the shadow experience, you are doing the healing work for yourself, your parents, and the lineage.

Your needs will be met in a more beneficial manner.

Destructive actions may originate in our shadow selves. People who were told their need for intimacy made them “clingy” could have problems trusting others and might even cheat on their partners.

By delving into their shadow self, people can uncover healthier routines. When you have no secrets from yourself and a clear picture of who you are, it’s much simpler to practice self-mastery.

Trying Shadow Work on Your Own

Even though it’s recommended to begin shadow work in therapy, many people choose to undertake it on their own. And this is completely doable!

First, we recomend that you begin your practice with meditation. When we meditate, we put our conscious minds in a condition of receptivity similar to that of the unconscious.

Shadow Work

Focus your thoughts by taking five minutes to listen to peaceful music and stare at a candle flame. Keep a notebook in which you can record your thoughts and feelings, especially if they are unsettling.

It’s better to let ideas enter your head than to try to shut them out. These ideas can provide light on a situation. Determine the answers to these questions to get a glimpse into your hidden identity. And look at the thoughts that you don’t want to think about – the thoughts that give you an icky feeling. Often, these thoughts are a window to the shadow.

You should also think about the daily things that set you off and why they do so. The dynamics of your relationships should be your first focus.

Does a particular kind of talk always seem to set you off? Do you feel jealous of other people’s achievements? These are outward manifestations of emotional responses that reveal insights about your life history. Any time that you feel triggered in your outer world, you should try to realize why you’re feeling that way. A trigger is a hint that the shadow has been touched.

Shadow work, like other therapeutic and introspective practices, requires dedication and patience, and it can be uncomfortable at times.

Self-compassion is essential as you go through the process. While we shouldn’t punish ourselves for past mistakes, we must take responsibility for moving forward and finding peace.

How to Engage in Shadow Work

Even though there are several paths to take when engaging in shadow work, keeping a journal is an excellent introduction. Below, we have a list of 40 shadow work prompts to get you started. We suggest scheduling time every day to reflect on these questions and open yourself up to potential insights.

Using pen and paper is the best way to let your thoughts flow and make a connection from your body rather than a phone or computer for these prompts. You could even dedicate a journal to this exercise. You can work through these in order, or you can pick the one that most interests you to write about first.

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It’s important to remember that you may always take a break from the work and return to it at a later time if any of the prompts cause you to feel overwhelmed with emotion, as is the case with any profound, introspective experience.

Self-compassion and acceptance of one’s emotional experiences are essential for successful shadow work. Still, if you have access to a mental health professional,  shadow work is best started in a therapeutic setting.

Keep in mind that the meaning of shadow work will be different for everyone. Your shadow is yours alone and won’t look like anyone else’s. 

The Purpose of Shadow Work Prompts

When doing shadow work, you’ll have to think deeply about some profound issues. An important aspect of this process is shining a bright light on your flaws. Prompts for shadow work can help navigate this territory.

Shadow work prompts are probing questions that are meant to draw forth answers that will get to the heart of the matter in your life. Typically, shadow work prompts are helpful if you don’t know where to start. See what thoughts pop into your head while working through these shadow work prompts and then follow the thread to get to the root of the matter.

This, even if the procedure itself may not be particularly enjoyable, the results of shadow work are life-changing.

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What to Remember When Doing Shadow Work:

Watch out for your triggers

As Jung himself said, “Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves.” 

Working on this can help you recognize and understand what factors contribute to your emotional responses. So, watch for it.

Seeing a buddy succeed at something you’ve always wanted to accomplish might be discouraging because it can make you wonder, “Why does that person have it and I don’t?” This is a clue that you’ve touched a part of your shadow and feel shame or guilt about the subject at-hand.

Lend yourself some compassion

Shadow work is challenging, so it’s essential to be kind to the parts of ourselves that we’ve repressed for so long.

Many people avoid doing shadow work because they are concerned about the results. There’s a lot of embarrassment connected to these issues. However, if you’ve reached a certain level of maturity, doing shadow work can be a big relief because you’ll soon discover that it’s not quite as unpleasant as you once feared.

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Seek help from others

Once more, working with your shadow is difficult, especially if you’ve experienced trauma. It’s time to get professional treatment if contemplating your darker sides causes you grief, anguish, or fear that you feel unable to bear on your own.

For anyone engaging in shadow work, it’s crucial to surround yourself with reassuring reminders of stability and acceptance. An objective therapist is a great resource for this, but we also need our methods for reassuring and accepting ourselves while we confront our darker emotions and aspects of character.

40 Shadow Work Prompts

Shadow Work

The following is a list of shadow work prompts that you can use to help you on your journey of self-discovery and healing. I have arranged them in thematic groups so they’re easier to navigate. 

If you’re doing shadow work for beginners, I recommend starting with the first set of prompts just below this line. Next, head on to the other shadow work questions for deeper analysis.

Discovering Your Shadow Self

1. How do you think people see you? Do you have any idea would they describe you? And how do you feel about that?

2. Nobody enjoys feeling hurt, angry, rejected, betrayed, jealous, etc. What is the very worst emotion to experience for you and why? 

3. What emotion do you try to avoid feeling the most? How do you typically react when you feel this emotion?

4. What negative emotion do you feel most comfortable with? Do you cling to this emotion because it feels normal?

5. What things make you judgemental? Think about a hypothetical situation in which you’d agree that somebody could behave in a way you’d usually judge and yet be entirely innocent.

6. When was the last time you felt let down? Examine how you felt and whether it was truly rational or if you were triggered.

7. Do you have healthy boundaries in your relationships? Is there any particular relationship that you feel could benefit from stronger boundaries? Explore what is preventing you from having the courage to hold that space. Can you say with complete honesty that you recognize the boundaries of others?

8. List out your core values. Are you living in alignment with them? And what could you change to be more in harmony with them? Do they match those of your childhood caregivers?

9. What do you wish people understood about you? How might you be better able to demonstrate the quality that people tend to overlook?

10. What makes you feel empty? How do you tend to fill that void? What are some healthy strategies you might develop to overcome feelings of emptiness?

11. Who do you envy and why? How might you be able to work towards gaining the things they have that you feel jealous of?

12. Think about the people closest to you. What would you change about them, if you could, to improve your relationship (perhaps something to do with the way you resolve conflicts)? How does that reflect on you?

13. Did you discover any negative traits hidden in the dark corners of your mind? Do you think these traits affect the people around you? How did they impact your own life?

14. Make a list of everything you discovered, both positive and negative. How do you plan to heal the negative attributes? Do you think you can amplify the positive ones?

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Reflecting on the Past

1. Consider a past breakup you experienced. How did it happen? As to why it was the best option for you to pursue.

2. Think about a time when you felt like a victim as a kid. And what exactly happened? Then, how did you respond? What did you take away from this? How has it impacted your adult life?

3. When you were a kid, what did your parents prioritize? Are your beliefs similar now? 

4. Discuss a time in your youth that has stayed with you all these years. If so, why do you suppose that is?

5. How were you when you were younger? What altered you?

6. Please share the most traumatic event from your youth. What kind of reaction did you get from your mom and dad? What kind of attention did you receive? Can you say that your expectations were met?

7. Share a moment when a negative event ended up being a blessing in disguise.

8. During your formative years, what do you most regret not having done differently? 

9. What specific recollections do you feel the most embarrassed about? How about the sort of emotions they cause? What should one do when such emotions first emerge?

10 Regarding the impact of your trauma on your life – just how do you incorporate it into your regular routine?

11. Document an experience in which you feel betrayed. At this moment, what would you say to them?

12. Do you harbor any forgiveness for anyone? What changes have you made as a result? Can you find it in your heart to forgive them now?

Exploring Relationships

Shadow Work

1. Do you get along well with your family? Is there any indication that it evolved as you did? Let’s hear your reasoning.

2. Do you worry that you’ll turn out just like your parents or siblings? Is that something you’re hiding, or are you proud of it? Please elaborate on this.

3. Do you remember a time when you were too obsessed with a person? What do you think was the cause of it?

4. Are you having trouble committing? What led you to this behavior? Is there anything else you’re struggling with in your romantic relationships that you think needs some attention?

5. Is it difficult for you to forgive? Take the time to write out everything you want to say to them.

6. Have you ever felt like opening up to someone, only to be met with a cold reception? How much of an impact did this have on you? Put down on paper what happened, from your point of view.

7. Do you ever let your guard down and allow others to see the real you? If you think about it, does this strengthen the connection or weaken it?

8. Is there somebody in your inner circle that constantly puts you down? Does somebody ever make you feel small or make fun of your thoughts and feelings? What are your reactions? Just how do you handle it?

9. Who has had the most impact on your life and why? Could they possibly realize how much control they have over you? How positive and reasonable is their impact?

10. Did you ever do something that made someone else proud of you? If so, who was it and why did you care about what they thought?

11. Who is the person who has caused you the most pain? Have you ever expressed your thoughts and feelings to them? If not, then write down whatever you’re feeling. Write them a letter.

12. When was the last time you had a disagreement with someone? Replay the exchange in your head from the beginning. Can you think of anything you could have said or done differently? So, you’re blaming yourself, right? When you messed up, did you admit it?

13. When was the last time you let someone down? And what exactly happened? Whose fault was it, if anyone’s, and did they do it on purpose or by accident? What amends did you make for your wrongdoing? Where does your relationship stand with this person at this time?

14. Do you know your “love language?” Where did you get your training, and how did you hone these skills? 

Hopefully, these shadow work prompts will get you going on your journey. Remember to be kind to yourself and remain open to any and all impressions that you receive!